Adult Eye Examination
Since many eye and vision problems have no signs or symptoms, an adult eye examination is important of preventative eye health. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent vision loss. For example, glaucoma can cause gradual peripheral vision loss without sensation.
According to the American Optometric Association, adults between the ages of 18-60 should have an eye exam every 1-2 years. Ages 61 and older should have an eye examination annually.
You should have an eye examination every year if you have the following:
- Family history of an ocular disease (such as glaucoma or macular degeneration)
- Taking medications with ocular side effects
- Wear contact lenses
- Had eye surgery
During an adult eye examination, Dr. Vasilakos will thoroughly examine your vision and eye health. This assessment includes:
- Any eye or vision problems you may be having
- A review your systemic health and family eye history
- Test how well you see
- How your eye muscles work
- Peripheral or side vision
- How your pupils respond to light
- Refraction – the lens power needed to compensate for nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism or presbyopia
- How your eyes work together
- Glaucoma testing
- Slit lamp examination (a microscope to evaluate the eye for conditions such as dry eye, cataracts, pink eye, styes, foreign bodies)
- Retinal eye examination (evaluate the internal structures of your eye such as the optic nerve, retina, macula and blood vessels)
*In addition, tests and measurements are required for contact lens evaluations beyond the procedures listed above.